How to Deal with Periodontal Problems?

Some of the gum infection can give rise to gingival crevicular fluid and alveolar bone loss in addition to causing the extreme condition of gums called periodontitis. This means that if you are focused on teeth whitening and ignore the gum diseases, it can multiply the dental problems for you. In other words, patients need to pay attention to it in addition to taking the preventive measures. For instance, if you maintain good oral hygiene and are careful about what you eat, the critical problems of gums can be avoided.

The chronic type of periodontitis is frequently found in the patients as a result of the plaque formation on the teeth. It can be inherited from the parents and it may lead to bone loss if medication is not taken. The second type of periodontitis is called necrotizing, it is essentially the decaying of the gums in addition to damage to the ligaments around the teeth and leads to lack of blood. Some of the experts associate the problem with the flaw in the immune system as a consequence of malnutrition or HIV.

Chronic Periodontitis
Unfortunately, it is the common type of the diseases that can cause soreness or inflammation of the gums. If the condition is untreated, it can target the soft tissue and bone of the teeth. If the gums are weakened, the teeth can easily fall out. One of the main causes of this condition has to do with poor oral hygiene. Moreover, the presence of plague is one of the obvious symptoms.

If you think that your teeth seem okay, it does not mean that plague cannot form layers on your teeth, especially if you consume sugary foods, as the bacteria naturally present in your mouth can nurture and create a plague. This implies that brushing the teeth can help to remove the layers of the harmful substance on your teeth. Likewise, if you visit the dentist frequently, the health of your teeth can be maintained. However, if the patients are not careful about hygiene, the seemingly soft layers of plaque can harden and permeate into the teeth. Therefore, if the cleanliness of the teeth is not up to the mark, the patient will develop the condition of periodontitis.

There are some mild forms of gum infection called gingivitis. It can be identified easily, especially if you notice signs of irritation or soreness in the base of your tooth. In some of the cases, deep bacterial pockets can be formed filled with bacteria and plague and if these pockets are not detected by the dentist or the patient, it can damage the gum bone. Moreover, if you start losing teeth, the immune system of the body will not work effectively. Therefore, if you notice puffiness, bleeding in the gums or bad breath, you should consult the dentist. To put simply, smoking is another cause that may trigger the condition, as the tobacco in addition nicotine can form layers on the outer layer of the teeth. Furthermore, obesity may indirectly contribute to the poor hygiene of the teeth in addition to making your mouth dry.

Additional Problems
The bacteria present in the pockets of teeth (as the extreme neglect of hygiene) can go into the blood stream; it affects the functioning of the vital organs in the body. Some experts associated periodontitis with the diseases of bones, respiration and coronary artery. If mothers who are expecting have this condition, it can have consequences for the health of the baby. Therefore, it is pertinent to take steps to have good oral hygiene. Dry mouth in the extreme cases can lead to the demineralization of the teeth. For instance, if the saliva in not in the adequate quantity and you do not drink water in the required quantity, the teeth of the patient can get weak.


If you know someone who has periodontitis, there is no need to panic because there are various treatments to contain it. For instance, if you take the antiseptic, it will help to reduce the number of bacteria in the mouth of the patient. Similarly, mouthwash can help to rinse the bacterial layers especially after you have something sweet. The deep cleaning of teeth done by a dentist is called scaling, it can prove effective too. The main purpose is to remove the extra layers of dirt on the teeth; the second stage involves polishing of the teeth. If you do not feel the difference after using normal antiseptic, you may have to take an antibiotic to de-infect the gums. However, the intake of antibiotic is not recommended for a long period of time and if you fear that you may get an allergy or notice side effects, you should talk to the dentist.

This condition can get painful if you brush the teeth or floss, but there are methods of relieving the pain. For instance, depending upon the condition, a painkiller may help. The option of medicated toothpaste is also available in the market to control the sensitivity of the teeth. However, if you give up or neglect the hygiene, the disease can get worst.

If you are a smoker, you will be expected to quit the habit, as it can destroy the teeth in addition to the lungs. There are many alternatives that can make the process of quitting easy for you. For instance, there are various rehabilitation centers that have special dedicated programs for smokers.  The logic is that no matter how hard you try to clean the teeth if the root cause of the problems is not addressed; it can create problems for you.

To conclude, it is important to cure the disease of periodontitis, as it is linked with not only the oral hygiene, but the health of the internal organs and related functions are associated with it.  Similarly, if the tooth is damaged to a large extent, it can be extracted out with the help of the dentist to relieve the pain and to save the teeth in the mouth from getting infections.